Airborne Infection Cases – Tuberculosis and Related Conditions – Department of Health Quarantine Procedures

Airborne Disease (Tuberculosis) Isolation Detention Orders and Treatment.

When a patient is known or suspected to be infected with “a communicable disease of public health significance caused by an airborne microorganism, such as tubercle bacillus, which causes serious disease and can result in death and, despite documented and appropriate counseling, is engaging in conduct that unreasonably places uninfected persons at risk of contracting such airborne communicable disease of public health significance, such as tuberculosis, and medical data demonstrate that he poses an imminent threat to the health of others, the Commissioner may issue an emergency order requiring such person to be taken immediately into custody.”  Va. Code § 32.1-48.02 (D).

The Commissioner is then required to petition the General District Court in which the detained patient resides “to determine whether isolation is necessary to protect the public health from the risk of infection with a communicable disease of public health significance.” Va. Code § 32.1-48.03,-.04.

The Special Justice may not issue an order for such detentionThe physician should call the 24/7 Virginia Department of Health emergency paging service (804-965-7996) and police emergency communications (“911”) in these cases.

Va. Code Sections 

32.1-48

 

Powers of Commissioner in epidemic

32.1-48.01

Definitions

32.1-48.02

Investigations of verified reports or medical evidence;   counseling; outpatient and emergency treatm…

32.1-48.03

Petition for hearing; temporary detention

32.1-48.04

Isolation hearing; conditions; order for isolation; right   to appeal

32.1-48.05

Application of article; determination of exceptional   circumstances; regulations; duties of the Stat…

32.1-48.06

Definitions

32.1-48.07

Conditions for invoking the provisions of this article

32.1-48.08

Declaration of quarantine

32.1-48.09

Order of quarantine

32.1-48.010

Appeal of any order of quarantine

32.1-48.011

Isolation may be ordered under certain exceptional   circumstances; Commissioner authorized to requir…

32.1-48.012

Isolation order

32.1-48.013

Appeal of any order of isolation

32.1-48.013:1

Electronic filings as protection from communicable   disease.

32.1-48.014

Enforcement of orders of quarantine or isolation;   penalties

32.1-48.015

Authorization to disclose health records

32.1-48.016

Immunity from liability

32.1-48.017

Use of public or private property or facilities

32.1-49

Tuberculosis required to be reported

32.1-49.1

Definitions

32.1-50

Examination of persons suspected of having active   tuberculosis disease; reporting; report forms; re…

32.1-50.1

Treatment plan; submission of plan and mediation of disagreements;   determination of cure

32.1-50.2

Administration of tuberculin purified protein derivative   by nurses; policies and guideline…

32.1-51

, 32.1-52

32.1-53

Facilities and contracts for treatment of tuberculosis   patients

32.1-54

Commissioner authorized to charge patients for care